Bassets Unlimited - Basset Hound Breed Standards
Official AKC Basset Hound Breed Standard
The Basset Hound possesses in marked degree those characteristics
which equip it admirably to follow a trail over and through difficult terrain.
It is a short-legged dog, heavier in bone, size considered, than any other breed
of dog, and while its movement is deliberate, it is in no sense clumsy. In temperament
it is mild, never sharp or timid. It is capable of great endurance in the field
and is extreme in its devotion.
The head is large and well proportioned. Its length from occiput to muzzle
is greater than the width at the brow. In overall appearance the head is
of medium width. The skull is well domed, showing
a pronounced occipital protuberance. A broad flat skull is a fault. The
length from nose to stop is approximately the length from stop to occiput.
The sides are flat and free from cheek bumps. Viewed in profile the top
lines of the muzzle and skull are straight and lie in parallel planes, with
a moderately defined stop. The skin over the whole of the head is loose,
falling in distinct wrinkles over the brow when the head is lowered. A dry
head and tight skin are faults. The muzzle is
deep, heavy, and free from snipiness. The nose
is darkly pigmented, preferably black, with large wide-open nostrils. A
deep liver-colored nose conforming to the coloring of the head is permissible
but not desirable. The teeth are large, sound,
and regular, meeting in either a scissors or an even bite. A bite either
overshot or undershot is a serious fault. The lips
are darkly pigmented and are pendulous, falling squarely in front and, toward
the back, in loose hanging flews. The dewlap is
very pronounced. The neck is powerful, of good
length, and well arched. The eyes are soft, sad,
and slightly sunken, showing a prominent haw, and in color are brown, dark
brown preferred. A somewhat lighter-colored eye conforming to the general
coloring of the dog is acceptable but not desirable. Very light or protruding
eyes are faults. The ears are extremely long,
low set, and when drawn forward, fold well over the end of the nose. They
are velvety in texture, hanging in loose folds with the ends curling slightly
inward. They are set far back on the head at the base of the skull and,
in repose, appear to be set on the neck. A high set or flat ear is a serious
The chest is deep and full with prominent sternum showing
clearly in front of the legs. The shoulders and elbows are
set close against the sides of the chest. The distance from the deepest
point of the chest to the ground, while it must be adequate to allow free
movement when working in the field, is not to be more than one-third the
total height at the withers of an adult Basset. The shoulders are well laid
back and powerful. Steepness in shoulder, fiddle fronts, and elbows that
are out, are serious faults. The forelegs are short, powerful,
heavy in bone, with wrinkled skin. Knuckling over of the front legs is a
disqualification. The paw is massive, very heavy with tough
heavy pads, well rounded and with both feet inclined equally a trifle outward,
balancing the width of the shoulders. Feet down at the pastern are a serious
fault. The toes are neither pinched together nor splayed,
with the weight of the forepart of the body borne evenly on each. The dewclaws
may be removed.
The rib structure is long, smooth, and extends well back. The ribs are well sprung,
allowing adequate room for heart and lungs. Flatsidedness and flanged ribs are
faults. The topline is straight, level, and free from any tendency to sag or roach,
which are faults.
The hindquarters are very full and well rounded, and are approximately equal to
the shoulders in width. They must not appear slack or light in relation to the
over-all depth of the body. The dog stands firmly on its hind legs showing a well-let-down
stifle with no tendency toward a crouching stance. Viewed from behind, the hind
legs are parallel, with the hocks turning neither in nor out. Cowhocks or bowed
legs are serious faults. The hind feet point straight ahead. Steep, poorly angulated
hindquarters are a serious fault. The dewclaws, if any, may be removed.
The tail is not to be docked, and is set in continuation of the spine with but
slight curvature, and carried gaily in hound fashion. The hair on the underside
of the tail is coarse.
The height should not exceed 14 inches. Height over 15 inches at the highest point
of the shoulder blade is a disqualification.
The Basset Hound moves in a smooth, powerful, and effortless manner. Being a scenting
dog with short legs, it holds its nose low to the ground. Its gait is absolutely
true with perfect coordination between the front and hind legs, and it moves in
a straight line with hind feet following in line with the front feet, the hocks
well bent with no stiffness of action. The front legs do not paddle, weave, or
overlap, and the elbows must lie close to the body. Going away, the hind legs
The coat is hard, smooth, and short, with sufficient density to be of use in all
weather. The skin is loose and elastic. A distinctly long coat is a disqualification.
Any recognized hound color is acceptable and the distribution of color and markings
is of no importance.
Height of more than 15 inches at the highest point of the shoulder blade.
Knuckled over front legs.
Distinctly long coat.
Approved January 14, 1964
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